Question by  Tm (30)

What is the genetic material of prokaryotes?


Answer by  kalabashi (47)

Prokaryotes have - exactly as all other organisms on earth - DNA as their genetic material. The genetic materia is organized in genes, each containing the information for one protein. However prokaryotes are much simpler and the DNA is not subdivided in different chromosomes. Prokaryotic DNA is not contained in a nucleus instead floats freely in the cell.


Answer by  babalu (177)

Prokaryotes have simple genetic material that is arranged in a circular shape. The circular material has no membrane and is present in the cytoplasm. As it is very simple, it has no distinct genes or differentiation at all. As they are unicellular organisms, they have no need of a complex genetic structure.


Answer by  HH (404)

Like in all living organisms, the genetic material of prokaryotes, which includes bacteria and archaea, is DNA, desoxyribonucleic acid. The genetic code is the same throughout all living organisms, therefore you can clone genes of humans and express the proteins expressed from it in bacteria like E. coli.


Answer by  Metti (20)

The genetic material of prokaryotes consists of deoxyribonicleic acid (DNA). It is made up of a backbone of alternating phosphate and sugar (2-deoxyribose) and the bases (Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, Thymine) which are connected to the sugar. The sequence of the bases contains the genetic information.


Answer by  axelantis (7)

The DNA of prokaryotes are not membrane-bound. This is what makes them different from eukaryotes. They lack a karyon or a cell nucleus. Their DNA are usually organized into simple circular DNA molecule.

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