The common Windows XP color schemes are Brick, Desert, Eggplant, High Contrast, Lilac, Maple, Marine, Plum, Pumpkin, Rainy Day, Red/White/Blue, Rose, Slate, Spruce, Storm, Teal, Wheat, Windows Classic and Standard.
The Common Color Schemes, which can be found under, Control Panel, Display Properties and then the Appearance Tab. The Default Ones are "Blue" (Default) Olive Green and Silver. You can change the Schemes by selecting the desired Choice from the Drop down menu and then hitting the Apply Button then the OK button.
Your basic color schemes apply here. Of course all the primary and secondary color schemes are available ranging from Black to White, in addition they have multi-colored schemes and themes that range from a dark gray to even much brighter and lighter colors. You can also customize the color scheme manually or download some on line.
Blue, Olive green and Silver are the default color schemes available with Windows XP. Color schemes can be changed by going thorough Display Properties and then the Appearance Tab. Customization can also be made by changing some preferences.
By default, All versions of Windows XP pro SP1 to SP3, have 3 types of color schemes - Default blue, Silver and Oliver Green. Right Click in the desktop. Click Properties, then Click Apperance, and you'll see the color schemes list box.