health conditions


Question by  SamZ (27)

What is considered to be a Cloward sign in Orthopedics?

I know that Cloward was a renowned orthopedic surgeon and that he was able to come up with either a procedure or symptom that was named after him.


Answer by  MattK (1713)

Pain felt in the upper part of the back and associated with spinal problems in the cervical (neck) vertebral bodies.

Reply by leighpt (0):
I have read that each respective cervical disc as you move downward refers to a respectively lower corresponding site int he upper back e.g.. C5 to the area between T2-scapula, C6 to the area between T4 and the scapula, etc.  add a comment

Answer by  worker7654 (1033)

The posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery was first developed by him in Hawaii. This procedure in the spinal cord helps those who have a fusion of spinal vertebrae in the lumbar region


Answer by  mb (5482)

Cloward came up with the surgical treatment for the valgus (inverted) leg deformity. Sometimes if a patient is pidgeon toed its called the "Cloward sign".


Answer by  mahavin (589)

Cloward sign in orthopedics could be severe chronic upper back pain. It is closely associated with the cervical disc referral or nerve dysfunction. The chronic nervous breakdown also clubbed under Cloward sign. It creates pain in the space between scapula and vertebral column. This makes nerve fatigueness and standing for a long time.


Answer by  Anonymous

Cloward published work in the late 50s correlating pain patterns in the upper back and discogram performed at various cervical levels. To my knowledge there is no provocative bedside testing that is thought to reproduce these findings.

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